THE VINEYARD OF SAINT EMILION
In the Gallo-Roman era, the poet-consul Ausone owned vineyards. It is whispered among historians that he stayed not on the heights of Saint-Emilion but in the Lescours sector. However, the real renown of Saint-Emilion came in the 8th century with the arrival of Emilian, a hermit from Vannes, who created and gave his name to the city. High place of pilgrimage and prayer, many religious orders settled there: the medieval city was born.
In Bordeaux, the notion of “terroir” is fundamental because it combines the components of the climate and the soil, which gives the grape, and therefore the wine, a unique, exceptional and recognizable character.
Saint-Emilion has 4 main types of soil: the limestone plateau, a vast terrace of silico-clayey gravels, clay-limestone coasts and valleys, sandy-gravel areas.
The Saint-Emilions are blended wines (exclusively red) made from the traditional grape varieties of Bordeaux where the Merlot represents around 60% of the grape varieties, alongside Cabernet Franc (30%), Cabernet Sauvignon and more rarely from Malbec, Petit Verdot and Caménère.
LE CHATEAU DE LESCOURS
Located in a meander of the Dordogne, in the heart of the prestigious Saint-Emilion Appellation, the Château de Lescours is located in the middle of an 80 hectare park.
The vineyard covers almost 8 hectares in the Saint-Emilion Grand Cru appellation. It is planted on sandy and gravelly soil.
As for the other 72 hectares, they correspond to a wetland ecosystem which Pierre CHARIOL is keen to preserve biodiversity. Its goal: to encourage the arrival of birds, and the reproduction of many local species (plants and animals).
Faithful to its principles and its desire to respect the environment, the area now practices Sustainable Agriculture. Weeding under the vines is entirely mechanical.
The Château de Lescours is also evolving in its practices using new biotechnologies: the use of insecticides is today limited thanks to the introduction of sexual confusion in the vines.
The average age of the vineyard is 50 years, with a plot of the property with vines dating back over a century.
The wines of Château de Lescours (production of around 45,000 bottles per year) are produced from the typical grape varieties of Saint-Emilion:: 80% Merlot; 10% Cabernet Sauvignon; 10% Cabernet Franc.